What Does F1 Cavapoo Mean?

What Does F1 Cavapoo Mean

Curious about the term “F1 Cavapoo” and what it means?

These are symbols depicting the different generations and parents used to produce these puppies.

In this article, I’ll break down the different generations of Cavapoos and explain the significance and characteristics of each.

From the F1 Cavapoos, which are the first generation, to the F2, F2b, F3, and even multi-gen Cavapoos, I’ll explore their traits and help you understand which generation might be the best fit for you.

So, if you’re ready to demystify the world of Cavapoos and gain a better understanding of what “F1” actually stands for, then let’s get started!

What Does “F” Stand For?

In the context of Cavapoos, the “F” stands for “generation” and is used to indicate the lineage or ancestry of the Cavapoo.

Each generation represents a different combination of Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and Poodle, resulting in variations in traits and characteristics.

Why Do Cavapoo Generations Matter?

The generations of Cavapoos matter because they can influence the temperament, appearance, and health of the dog.

Different generations have different percentages of Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and Poodle genes, which can impact the traits and qualities inherited by the Cavapoo.

Understanding the generations can help potential owners choose a Cavapoo that aligns with their preferences and lifestyle.

What Does F1 Cavapoo Mean?

The term “F1 Cavapoo” refers to the first generation offspring of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and a Poodle, typically a Miniature or Toy Poodle.

The “F” in F1 stands for “first,” indicating that this Cavapoo is a first-generation mixed breed.

Understanding the meaning behind the different Cavapoo generations is important for those considering getting a Cavapoo as a pet.

F1 cavapoo

F1 Cavapoo (First Generation)

An F1 Cavapoo is the result of breeding a purebred Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and a purebred Poodle.

These first-generation hybrids have a 50% Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and 50% Poodle genetic makeup.

Due to the mix of genes, F1 Cavapoos can display a wide variety of traits and characteristics inherited from both parent breeds.

This generation typically has wavy or slightly curly hair, with a coat that can be solid or multi-colored.

What Does An F1 Cavapoo Look Like?

F1 Cavapoos can vary in appearance, as they inherit traits from both the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and Poodle.

They have a small to medium size, depending on the size of the Poodle parent.

Their coat can be wavy or slightly curly, and they are known for their adorable and expressive faces with soft, round, and dark eyes.

F1 Cavapoos come in various colors, including black, white, brown, cream, and multi-colored combinations.

F2 Cavapoo (Second Generation)

An F2 Cavapoo is the result of breeding two F1 Cavapoos.

This generation has a more predictable lineage as the parent dogs are already Cavapoos.

F2 Cavapoos have a genetic makeup that is 50% Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and 50% Poodle, just like F1 Cavapoos.

However, the traits and characteristics within the F2 generation can still vary due to the genetic diversity inherited from their F1 Cavapoo parents.

What do F2 Cavapoos Look Like?

Similar to F1 Cavapoos, F2 Cavapoos come in a range of sizes, coat types, and colors.

They typically have wavy or curly hair, and their size can vary depending on the size of their parent Cavapoos.

F2 Cavapoos often have similar facial features to their F1 counterparts, with expressive eyes and adorable expressions that captivate their owners.

The predictability of their appearance is higher compared to F1 Cavapoos but still subject to some variation.

F2b Cavapoo (Second Generation Backcross)

An F2b Cavapoo is the result of breeding an F1 Cavapoo with either a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel or a Poodle.

This generation is often considered a backcross as it involves breeding back to one of the parent breeds.

F2b Cavapoos have a slightly different genetic makeup, consisting of 37.5% Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and 62.5% Poodle genes.

This backcross breeding helps to reinforce specific traits desired by breeders or owners.

F3 Cavapoo (Third Generation)

An F3 Cavapoo is the result of breeding two F2 Cavapoos.

This generation has a genetic makeup that is 50% Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and 50% Poodle, just like the F1 and F2 generations.

By the third generation, breeders strive to create more consistent traits and characteristics within the Cavapoo lineage.

However, some degree of variation can still occur due to the genetic diversity within the parent breeds.

What Is A Multi-Gen Cavapoo?

A multi-gen Cavapoo refers to a Cavapoo that is beyond the third generation, typically an F4 or higher.

These generations are more stable in terms of traits and characteristics, as they have been bred with specific goals and preferences in mind.

Multi-gen Cavapoos often have consistent coat types, sizes, and temperaments, making them a popular choice for those who want a more predictable Cavapoo.

F1 Vs. F2 Cavapoo Which Is Better?

Determining which generation of Cavapoo is better depends on individual preferences and priorities.

F1 Cavapoos may have more genetic diversity, resulting in a wider range of traits and characteristics.

On the other hand, F2 Cavapoos offer a higher level of predictability, as both parent dogs are already Cavapoos.

It is important to research and consider the specific traits, health concerns, and temperaments associated with each generation before making a decision.

A person holding a F1 cavapoo dog.

What Generation Cavapoo is Best?

The best generation of Cavapoo depends on the preferences and requirements of the individual or family looking to adopt a Cavapoo.

F1 Cavapoos may offer more variety in terms of appearance and temperament, while later generations like F3 or multi-gen Cavapoos might provide more consistency and predictability.

It is crucial to engage with reputable breeders who prioritize the health and well-being of the puppies, regardless of their generation.

Ultimately, the best Cavapoo generation is the one that aligns with the owner’s lifestyle, preferences, and needs.


In conclusion, understanding the different generations of Cavapoos is essential for prospective owners.

From the F1 generation to multi-gen Cavapoos, each generation has its unique traits and characteristics.

Whether someone is looking for a Cavapoo with more predictability or desires a wider range of possibilities, there is a generation suitable for everyone.

By exploring the various options and considering personal preferences, finding the perfect Cavapoo companion can be an exciting journey.

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  1. Thank you Irma for explaining the F1 & F2 etc thing…

    Just wondering if you would know the answer to this please?

    What colour poodle would you have to put over a Tri Colour Cavalier to produce mostly red Cavapoos please?

    Also, what would putting a black poodle over a Tri Colour Cavalier produce?

  2. Hi Jan,

    Thanks for reaching out.
    That is quite a complex question and to be very honest I don’t know the answers.
    Genetics is a tricky subject at the best of times.
    I used to breed English Springer Spaniels and they only came in 3 colors so it was quite easy 🙂
    Sorry I cannot help you but I don’t want to give you the wrong answers.

  3. Hello Irma thanks for the diagram. Can you tell me out of all those combinations which produces the smallest cavoodle? I have see. So many different sizes cavoodles I’m worried about them getting too big for me.

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